In Chapter 7, I learned about counter-arguments. Counter-arguments are arguments in which you use against an opposition, similar to objecting an objection. Objections is a way to identify that an argument is weak or bad.
Example of counter-argument:
Immigration is bad for the economy because they take jobs from Americans.
--> Immigrants are good for the economy because they will work for cheap labor which will increase jobs because of the increase of demand for crops and such.
Another thing I learned from reading Chapter 7 was "Refuting An Argument." Refuting an argument is when you show that the false premises lead to a false conclusion.It means that the argument is not strong not valid. However, it does not necessarily mean that a conclusion is false when you refute an argument. In order to refute an argument, we must make sure if there is a false conclusion, then the claims have to be plausible.